Orthodontics is a specialised branch of dentistry in the treatment of irregularities in the teeth and jaws. Thought dentists and orthodontists both help patients improve their oral health; the latter focuses on correcting bites, occlusion, and the straightness of teeth which affects the facial structure. Disorders with teeth and their positioning can cause issues which affect your ability to chew properly, increasing the risk of the develop-ment of Temporomandibular Joint Disorder (TMJ). Pain and loss of normal function to the tem-poromandibular joint can be caused by habitual teeth grinding during sleep, trauma and injuries as well as arthritis caused by inflammation in the joint. Orthodontics addresses alignment issues by guiding teeth into better positions with dental braces as well as surgical procedures like extrac-tions due to overcrowding.